The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The key elements in the system are the kidneys, a pair of fist-sized organs located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. The kidneys remove excess liquid and wastes from the blood in the form of urine. They keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood, and produce a hormone that helps to form red blood cells. Narrow tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder - a sack-like organ in the lower abdomen. Urine is stored in the bladder and eventually emptied through a canal called the urethra.
When any part of the urinary system is not functioning as it should, it can be due to one of several conditions, such as:
A new category of surgery, enabled by the da Vinci ® Surgical System, is being used by an increasing number of surgeons worldwide for prostatectomy and other urologic procedures including:
This minimally invasive approach, in which your surgeon utilizes the latest in computer and robotic technologies, is ideal for delicate urologic surgery. This includes prostatectomy — removal of the prostate gland to treat cancer — in which the target site is not only tightly confined but also surrounded by nerves affecting urinary control and sexual function. Using da Vinci , your surgeon has a better tool to spare surrounding nerves, which may enhance both your recovery experience and clinical outcomes.
The Hillcrest Robotic Surgery da Vinci System provides your doctor with many advantages that can allow him or her to perform a more precise surgery.
The da Vinci System’s tiny wristed instruments have an even greater range of motion than the human hand. da Vinci seamlessly filters any tremors from your surgeon’s hands and scales his or her motions, translating them into more precise movements of the instrument tips. Surgeons use the precision, vision and control of the da Vinci System to help them remove the cancerous prostate while saving important nerves and blood vessels. Recent studies found that da Vinci Prostatectomy resulted in lower positive margin rates compared to open surgery for localized (T2) prostate cancer.2,3,4 Positive margins mean cancer cells are present at the edge of the tissue that was removed. The lower the positive margins, the better. A low positive margin means there is a low chance of the cancer returning.
High-definition 3D vision and up to 10x magnification allow doctors to see the cancer, healthy tissues and blood vessels at a level of detail far beyond what is possible with open surgery or conventional laparoscopic surgery.
The da Vinci System’s Intuitive® Motion provides control through an interface that allows doctors to use natural movements similar to traditional surgery.